If you're planning to move to another state, tell your estate planning attorney. There are a number of components making up your estate planning and long-term care planning that could be effected. Previous posts: Does My Living Will, or Advance Directive, Work in Another State? and Are Medicare and Medicaid Plans Able to Transfer Between States if You Move?.
You May Not Need All New Estate Planning Documents
While legally you may not need all-new estate planning documents if you move to a different state, you should have your documents reviewed by a local attorney in your new home. The Constitution of the United States requires that states give “full faith and credit” to the laws of other states. This means that your will, trust, durable power of attorney, and health care proxy (health care power of attorney in Ohio) executed in one state should be honored in every other state. While that's the law, the practical realties are different and depend on the document.
Parts of Your Will and/or Revocable Trusts Could be Invalid in a New State
Your will should still be valid in the new state, but there may be differences in the new state's laws that make certain provisions of the will invalid. The same is true of revocable trusts.
Power of Attorney Documents May Not Be Honored
This is less true of durable powers of attorney and health care directives. While they should be honored from state to state, sometimes banks, medical professionals, and financial and health care institutions don't accept documents and forms with which they are not familiar. In addition, the execution requirements may be different depending on the state. Some states require witnesses on durable powers of attorney and others don't. A state requiring witnesses may not allow a power of attorney without them to be used to convey real estate even though the document is perfectly valid in the state in which it was executed. In the case of health care proxies, known as medical power of attorney in Ohio, other states may use different terms for the document, such as “durable power of attorney for health care” or “advance directive.” (And the people reviewing your power of attorney or health care proxy may not be well versed in constitutional law.)
Moving is a good excuse to consult an attorney to make sure your estate plan in general is up to date. Other changes in circumstances such as a change in income or marital status can also affect your estate plan. In addition, there may be practical changes you will want to make. For example, you may want to change your trustee or agent under a power of attorney based on which family members are closer in proximity.
Avon Lake, Ohio Elder Law Attorney
If you have recently moved to the Avon Lake, Ohio area we hope to be your new local estate planning attorney. We pride ourselves in our expertise of elder law and Medicaid planning and can review all your estate planning documents to make sure they will be effective in your new state. From our local office in Avon Lake, OH, we help our clients to leave a legacy, not a predicament. Let us help you review your power of attorney and other estate planning documents. Please call our office at 440-930-2826 to schedule a free consultation .