Understanding Long-Term Care: Costs, Typical Income and Options
I. Long-Term Care
One of the greatest concerns of seniors and their families is the cost of long-term care, especially the cost of nursing home care. Long-term care refers to a range of services necessary to meet your personal needs. Most long-term care is not medical care, but assistance with the basic personal tasks of everyday life or activities of daily living (ADL’s). This type of assistance is generally referred to as Custodial Care.
Activities of Daily Living include:
Long-Term care can include:
• in home health care
• residence in an assisted-living facility
• nursing home care.
Costs of Long-Term-Care
All forms of long-term care are expensive. In-home care organizations generally charge from $16 to $24 per hour depending on the extent of services needed. Care for 6 hours per day at $20 per hour will result in a monthly cost of $3,600. The average cost of a one bedroom apartment in an assisted living facility in the Cleveland area is $3,375 per month, and the average cost of a nursing home is $8,159 per month.* One year in a nursing home can easily consume over $95,000. About half of all elderly will spend some time in a nursing home before death. The median length of stay in a nursing home is 2 and ½ years.
*2017 Genworth Financial cost of care survey
Does Medicare Cover Long-Term Care Services?
Medicare does not cover most long-term care services. Medicare will cover only 100 days of a nursing home stay. The first 20 days are paid completely by Medicare. Days 21 through 100 require a co-pay of $170.50 per day. In order to qualify for Medicare coverage, a person must be hospitalized 3 full days prior to entering the nursing home. Medicare coverage will only apply if you require skilled nursing care. Custodial care does not qualify.
When Does Medicaid Cover Long-Term Care
Medicaid is a joint program of the federal and state governments that will cover the long-term care costs of those who have little or no money. Medicaid currently covers more than 60% of all nursing home residents. However, most seniors are forced to spend all of their money paying for their care before they can qualify for Medicaid. Medicaid’s financial standards are very strict:
- A single person may own assets worth no more than $2,000.
- The spouse of a Medicaid applicant may keep only one-half of the couple’s assets, up to a maximum of $126,420.
Many seniors attempt to qualify for Medicaid by gifting their assets to their children. However, any gifts given within the five years prior to submitting a Medicaid application will cause a penalty, disqualifying the applicant for long-term care.
With proper legal planning, however, it is possible for a person to preserve a significant amount of assets for their family and still qualify for Medicaid.
VA Pension Benefits for Long-Term Care Expenses
Veterans 65 and older or their surviving spouses may qualify for an Aid and Attendance Pension that can help pay long-term care expenses. A qualifying married veteran may receive up to $2,230 per month. This monthly benefit can provide significant assistance to veterans who are in need of long-term care.
In order to qualify for an Aid and Attendance Pension, a veteran must meet the following qualifications:
- Be 65 or older
- Need the aid of another person in performing two or more activities of daily living
- Served 90 days* of active service with at least one day during a time of war:
Periods of War for Aid & Attendance Pension to Pay Long-Term Care:
World War II: Dec. 7, 1941 - Dec. 31, 1946
Korea: Jun. 27, 1950- Jan. 31, 1955
Vietnam: Aug. 5, 1964 - May 7, 1975
Gulf War: Aug 2, 1990 - To be announced
*24 months after September 7, 1980
- Be 65 or older
- Have received an other than dishonorable discharge;
- Have assets of less than $127,000 excluding the veteran’s residence, car and personal belongings
- Have unreimbursed medical expenses equal to or exceeding monthly income
Be Prepared: Planning for Long-Term Care
Timing is essential when planning for long-term care. The sooner you begin the planning process, the more you will be able to preserve for your family. Although planning ahead results in the greatest amount of asset protection, knowledgeable legal assistance can even help save a significant amount of assets for someone who has not planned and is in immediate need of long-term care.
Don’t lose your home and hard-earned savings to the costs of long-term care. Call Joseph Motta at 440-930-2826 and schedule a free personal consultation to determine what planning options may be available for you.
Schedule a Consultation
This guide is intended to provide you with a general introduction to Ohio’s Medicaid program. Please be aware that there are numerous details that cannot be covered in such a brief summary. Our goal is to educate you concerning Medicaid’s financial restrictions, and help you appreciate the importance of proper planning. Joseph L. Motta Co., LPA has helped many individuals qualify for Medicaid without losing their life savings. We want to provide you with the knowledge necessary to protect your family.
Joseph L. Motta Co., LPA is devoted to protecting families from life’s most challenging situations. Our goal is to provide you with the peace of mind that comes from knowing that you have planned your affairs so as to avoid the financial disruptions that often accompany death or incapacity. Each client receives our personal attention because we want you to feel comfortable discussing issues that can be emotionally difficult to address. We strive to use our knowledge and expertise to provide you with the best advice on how to protect the ones you love. Our primary office is located at:
32730 Walker Road,
Suite J-1, Avon Lake, Ohio 44012.
If you would like to learn more about how we may be able to help you, please call us at 440-930-2826 or fill out our contact us form.