What Does The Term “Decedent” Mean?

Leave a Legacy, Not a Predicament

“Decedent” is a legal term that refers to a person who has died with unsatisfied legal obligations.

At the end of their life, a decedent has some legal duties that must be fulfilled through a representative. For example, decedents remain obligated to satisfy certain debts incurred during their life and file their last income tax return.

What Is the Difference Between a Decedent and a Deceased Person?

A deceased person is someone who has died. While the word “decedent” also refers to a person who has passed away, it denotes a legal status as well. Essentially, all decedents are deceased people, but not all deceased people are decedents.

The word “decedent” is mostly used for estate planning purposes. For example, you may see this term in a last will and testament, or in estate closure documents related to closing a deceased person’s bank account and filing their final income taxes.

In addition to finalizing an estate, if a person was a party in an active civil lawsuit before they died, the word “decedent” will be added to the party’s name in court documents to signify that a representative is continuing with the case.

At Joseph L. Motta Co. our tagline is "Leave a Legacy, Not a Predicament," because we truly want to help people to avoid leaving their family a mess to unravel upon death. The passing of a loved one is already one of the most difficult things to cope with. Adding the confusion of probate and the administration of an estate that was not properly planned feels like the world is adding insult to injury for the loved one left trying to put together the pieces.  Having the right estate planning documents is one of the simplest ways to have a positive impact on your family's future. Proper planning ensures that your wishes will be followed and that your family will have less to worry about after you are gone.

How Are Their Legal Obligations Fulfilled After Death?

Decedents have legal obligations after their death. Since they cannot perform these duties, the person they appointed before their death must meet any obligations. These legal responsibilities must be handled according to state law if the deceased person did not name a representative before they died.

Duties that someone has after they die that must be completed by their representative include the following:

  • Notify banks, credit card companies, and other creditors about the death of the individual. Also, government agencies must be notified, including Medicaid, Medicare, and the Social Security Administration.
  • File the decedent’s last will and testament with the probate court. The representative will also be responsible for representing the decedent’s estate in court.
  • Pay any of their outstanding and payable debt.
  • File income taxes.
  • Open a bank account for the estate. The representative will pay bills, debts, and taxes from the new account.
  • Distribute the estate’s assets to the heirs named in the decedent’s last will and testament, or ensure that the heirs at law receive the appropriate property if assets are passed down via intestate succession.

What Is Included in Their Estate?

A decedent’s estate includes all the property they owned when they died. Examples of property included in their estate may include:

  • Cash
  • Property (i.e., their home)
  • Jewelry
  • Vehicles
  • Stocks
  • Bonds
  • Land

Their estate must go through the probate process before the estate is closed. Some property may be included in the estate but is not subject to probate, including life insurance.

What Is a Decedent Trust?

Also called an A-B trust, this type of trust is created between a married couple and dissolves when the first spouse dies. Its goal is to reduce the amount of estate taxes.

If you would like guidance on estate planning for yourself or for administering an estate following the death of a loved one, contact Joseph L. Motta Co., where we begin each relationship with a free consultation to explain how simplistic having a few key documents can be.

Contact Joseph L. Motta, your local estate planning attorney, to get started on creating your estate plan now.

Local Estate Planning Attorney Drafts These 5 Documents for a Simple Estate Plan

At Joseph L. Motta, elder law and estate planning firm in Avon Lake, OH, we want to help you leave a legacy, rather than a predicament, when you pass. We understand that there can be myths around estate planning like it's too complex, it's too expensive or it's only for the wealthy, so explaining these five documents may help put things in perspective. Call 440-930-2826 to schedule a free consultation.

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